Although a dental extraction is often a final resort, it is sometimes necessary. A tooth that has suffered extensive damage from infection, trauma, or decay may require removal. Additionally, a tooth may need to be extracted to help relieve dental crowding.
Here's a bit of information about dental extractions and what you can expect from them.
What Is a Simple Extraction?
During a simple extraction, no cutting of the gingival tissues is required. The dentist numbs the area around the tooth using a local anesthetic. Then, with an elevator, they loosen the designated tooth. Once the tooth is loose in its socket, the dentist extracts it using forceps.
What Is a Surgical Extraction?
During a surgical extraction, an incision into the guns is required. The dentist numbs the area surrounding the tooth with local anesthesia, but they may also use intravenous anesthesia. In some cases, general anesthesia is applied.
During the extraction, after the dentist makes an incision into the gums, they may have to cut the tooth to remove it. In other instances, if the tooth has not fully erupted but it is intact, they may only have to cut the gingival tissues to access the tooth's structure.
How Can You Prepare for a Dental Extraction?
Prior to your scheduled extraction, there are a few measures that you should take to prepare for the procedure. Here are some of them:
- Ask a family member or friend to accompany you. You will likely need someone to drive you to and from your appointment. After the procedure, you may still be under the influence of anesthesia. Also, if you experience dental anxiety, your dentist may prescribe an oral sedative for you to take about 30 minutes prior to your appointment time.
- Talk to your dentist about pain relief options. Your dentist may suggest over-the-counter medicines. Additionally, they may prescribe pain medication for you to take after your extraction.
- Discuss your medical conditions. Some conditions may impact the type of medications and care you receive after an extraction. Be sure to let your dentist know if you have been diagnosed with a systemic condition, such as diabetes, hypertension, immune deficiency disorder, renal disease, or thyroid problems.
- Stock your kitchen with soft foods. After your extraction, initially, you will only be able to consume soft foods, such as pudding, mashed potatoes, soup, and rice.
To learn more about dental extractions, schedule a consultation with a family dentist in your local area.